Where a person is the stomach and how to recognize stomach pain?
Abdominal pain can be of different nature and have different localization. Many patients do not know where is the stomach, and erroneously attributed to another cause of pain. A delay of medical help when any pains in the stomach can have dire consequences. Consider the main features of stomach pain, their localization, the action in the event of their occurrence.
Where is the digestive organ
To digestive tract includes the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach and 12-perstny gut, small intestines, rectum. In addition, involved in digestion the pancreas and the liver.
The stomach is an expanded part of the digestive tract. The location of the stomach below the diaphragm, in the left hypochondrium. For the most part it is located near the midline on the left. Empty body has a volume of about 0.5 DM3. After a meal, its volume increases. In some cases it can reach four liters. The size of the human stomach depends on the physique and also the degree of filling. Length moderately full stomach – about 25 cm, and empty – from 18 to 20 cm.
Parts that make up the stomach
Cardiac orifice into the stomach. It is located at the level of the 9th vertebra. The arch (bottom) of the stomach is an extended part of it. The middle part is his body. The output is otherwise called the gatekeeper. The photo is also visible gastric circular muscle. It acts as a gatekeeper.
The stomach has a permanent location regardless of, whether filled or not. This is due to the fact that it is supported by peritoneal ligaments. As a result of weak ligaments and muscles of the peritoneum develops ptosis of the stomach (gastropod).
Possible displacement of the stomach
The person can often be displacement of the stomach. The location of this organ is influenced by such factors:
- the impact of tumor or cyst;
- enlargement of the liver or spleen;
- bloating colon;
- change the location of the diaphragm;
- inflammation of serous cover (perigastric).
The location of the stomach, as a rule, changes during pregnancy. Often during pregnancy stomach hurts. Pain on related to the overall restructuring of the hormonal and biological background. In addition, during pregnancy there is a gradual smooth displacement of the stomach. Its volume is gradually reduced. The photo of this stomach a person can see it shift and change its volume.
Causes of stomach pains
The most common cause of pain is poor quality food. Salty, fatty, spicy foods irritate the stomach, stimulates the production of largethe number of gastric juice. All this is accompanied by pain reaction. If a person has milk intolerance, he may also develop the pain.
Stomach pain the following diseases:
- ulcer of the stomach or duodenum 12;
- food poisoning;
- inflammation of the peritoneum;
- pathological conditions of the pancreas;
- diseases of the nervous system;
- connective tissue disease;
- rheumatic diseases;
- abdominal colic in diabetes and increased thyroid function;
- in children stomach pain can be in diseases such as flu, SARS, scarlet fever.
So the reasons for the development of gastric pain in humans is very much. You should pay attention to every nuance of pain as aching in the abdomen can appear for reasons not associated with digestion.
Characteristics of the pain may differ depending on gender. So, pain in the abdomen, radiating in the top half, it happens in men with prostate trouble, and kidney disease. In this case, it is necessary to carefully observe the jet of urine during urination. Women have the same pain in the abdomen are observed when inflammation of ovaries during menstruation.
Characteristics of pain
In humans there are two types of stomach pain – somatic and visceral. Somatic pain arises from irritation of the peritoneum. While the end of the irritated spinal nerves. Such pain is clearly localized and is always accompanied by muscle tension of the peritoneum. In addition, it has a sharp, cutting character and intensifies during breathing.
Visceral pain arises from irritation to nerve endings in the body. In this case, the stomach ache as a result of spasms, sprains. Such pain has the nature of the colic of very different intensity. The pain is also localized in different parts of the abdomen, may radiate to other parts of the body. On permanent increasing inflammation say pain in the epigastric region.
What to do for stomach pain
The symptoms of stomach pain require treatment, as there are conditions that require immediate intervention. However, and independent conclusions about the cause of the pain should not be done.
If you have a stomach ache, eliminate for the first time, locomotor activity and food. Perhaps in this case, the pain will stop without any intervention. It is not necessary to strain and nervous. To relax the digestive tract, you should drink a soothing tea – peppermint, Melissa.
Medication for stomach pain necessary to take those which are attributed to the doctor. No need to self-medicateto put a diagnosis and to attribute to the medicine – it can only do harm.
However, if all this did not bring relief, do not try to endure the pain and continue to drink tea, medicines. At the slightest sign of deterioration of health and increase in pain you need to call the doctor.
If growing pains do not:
- take analgesics and narcotic painkillers, as it blurs the clinical picture;
- eat and drink;
- put hot-water bottles, enemas;
- take alcohol;
- to take a laxative.
Especially food for stomach pain
When abdominal pain is of great importance diet. Nutrition in disease of the stomach should be possible to ensure gentle treatment and eliminate harmful factors: alcohol, Smoking, spicy, fried, salted, smoked, hot and cold food. Here are some foods be banned:
- butter products;
- rich broth;
- sour berries and fruits;
- ice cream;
- all canned goods and meats and pickles and marinades;
- cabbage, onion, sorrel, spinach, radishes and radish;
- hard-boiled eggs;
It is recommended to use grated, steamed food, dairy products, pasta, cereals, salads. Useful cooked fruit, jellies, baked milk and butter. You must ensure that the food was a fraction, to prevent big breaks in the diet.
A properly chosen diet will help you to get rid of stomach pains. Remember that timely treatment and prevention, promotes rapid healing and prevent complications.