Treatment and diet for erosive gastritis
Erosive gastritis usually develops with severe lesions of the gastric mucosa, and represents a serious danger to the human body. This condition requires urgent measures, among which one of the most important is diet for erosive gastritis.
The principles of assistance
Treatment of acute erosive gastritis is conducted only in a hospital. The chronic form of the disease when unexpressed aggravation of being treated as an outpatient, but the patient with erosive gastritis must be constantly under control your doctor and ask as soon as the slightest signs of deterioration. The main treatment for erosive gastritis is following a strict diet and medication.
Treatment for erosive gastritis of the stomach performs the following tasks:
- reducing excessive secretion;
- the elimination of the aggressive effects of gastric juice on the gastric mucosa;
- improvement of digestion;
- the normalization of the motility of the gastrointestinal tract;
- suppression of H. pylori;
- stop bleeding in hemorrhagic form of the disease.
To reduce the excess secretion of hydrochloric acid in erosive gastritis, commonly used blockers of histamine receptors. The most popular are Ranitidine, Famotidine, Quamatel. With the same purpose used proton pump inhibitor – Omez, Omeprazole, Controloc.
To aggressive gastric juice does not continue to irritate and destroy the mucous membrane of the stomach with erosive gastritis, is usually recommended as the treatment of erosive gastritis by antacid. These tools form a film over areas of damage in erosive gastritis, helping them heal. This group includes: Maalox, Venter, Almagell.
The suppression of gastric juice secretion in erosive gastritis begins to disrupt the digestion. To help the intestines digest food, you should use a substitutive enzyme therapy. These tools include Festal, Kvamatel, Mezim.
In erosive damage to the stomach is often marked by the violation of his motor functions. The elimination of such problems is carried out using Domperidone or Tserukal.
In hemorrhagic erosive gastritis option to use tools that stop the bleeding – Etamzilat, Menadione, Did.
Cause erosive gastritis can serve as Helicobacter pylori. When you confirm this etiology helps the treatment of stomach erosive gastritis using antibiotics. For this purpose a convenient integrated tools – Elobact Neo or Clatinol. This therapywith erosive gastritis is called eradication. It has a few options:
- The proton pump inhibitor + amoxicillin + clarithromycin.
- The proton pump inhibitor + amoxicillin + clarithromycin + drug bismuth.
- Amoxicillin + clarithromycin + drug bismuth.
The third option is used when erosive gastritis with reduced secretory function of the stomach, as in this case, it makes no sense to use inhibitors.
What you can and cannot eat
A very important point in the treatment of many diseases is correctly matched menu. This is especially true of erosive gastritis of the stomach.
In the period of exacerbation
Diet for erosive gastritis is used as treatment and prevention of exacerbations. In the acute stage with erosive gastritis, the patient is recommended table 1. The power in this case aimed at compliance with the maximum magania of the stomach from mechanical, thermal and chemical stimuli.
Menu during exacerbation erosive gastritis must be adequate amount of protein, fat, carbohydrates and calories. Subject to the limitation of meals that linger in the stomach, irritate the skin or contribute to the initiation of secretion. All served in a shabby, boiled, or steamed. Not recommended for erosive gastritis too hot or cold food.
In the first days of escalation can be used to eat soups with semolina or rice jelly. Useful in the morning to eat the eggs welded soft-boiled.
When it comes some relief, the patient can diversify the menu:
- vegetable soups, milk, and mucous membranes;
- biscuits are dry, yesterday's white bread;
- dairy products, including fresh kefir or yogurt, curd and cheese;
- of lean fish;
- diet boiled meat;
- eggs soft-boiled or in a bag;
- fruits cooked;
- vegetables (mashed potatoes, cauliflower, carrots, beets);
- any cereals except for barley and corn;
- from the drinks are not too acidic juice, jelly, weak tea, sometimes cocoa;
- as a dessert – honey, jam, marshmallow;
- instead of spices you can eat parsley or dill.
After remission is achieved
After reducing acute inflammation with erosive gastritis a patient is recommended the transition to table # 5. It is prohibited:
- any food from fast food;
- cooking oil and fatty animal products (sausage, pork, black pudding);
- pastry and pastry products;
- smoked products, pickles;
- sweet and savory drinks with gas;
- chewing gum;
- porridge pearl-barley;
- any product with oxalic acid (radish, radish).
Inmenu when of remission of erosive gastritis must be present vegetables and fruits, there should be a sufficient number. Prepare to be using a steam treatment, boiling or stewing. Sometimes you can afford a baked dish, but you need to remove the crust.
When choosing meat for a menu with erosive gastritis need to use rabbit or chicken. Before cooking with it should completely cut off all fat.
You can eat white bread, but it needs to be stale and without crust. Sometimes you should treat yourself – eat app cookie or biscuit.
To replenish protein in the body is recommended to use:
- low-fat cottage cheese, cheese, cream, sour cream;
- apples sweet varieties, other ripe fruits;
- soups with pasta or vegetables, sometimes with oatmeal or rice;
- for dessert, candy, pudding, marmalade.
How to follow a diet and to have fun
Despite the fact that in diseases of the stomach, many dishes has not recommended food with erosive gastritis can and should be varied. As an example menu for one day:
- For Breakfast, cook one egg over easy, add cereal (rice) and drink weak tea with two app cookies and a spoon of jam.
- On the second morning meal, you can use one banana or baked Apple. It should be noted that bananas are very useful and can be part of treatment for stomach problems. They have shielding effect and supply the body vitamins and minerals.
- The dinner on the table is a traditional soup (with added oats) and a couple meatballs. The second fit vegetable puree.
- In the evening it is recommended to eat boiled fish in milk sauce mild. Drink tea with milk.
- A few hours before bedtime can drink a glass of buttermilk with app biscuits or marmalade.
For any disease, including those with erosive gastritis, should strictly follow the doctor's recommendations, in time to take medicines, to respect the day and diet. To the table was delicious and varied, you must create a list of accepted products and based on it – their menu for the week.