Correct preparation for the procedure EGD of the stomach
For the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the digestive system the doctors use various methods to identify them. But one of the most common remains fibroesophagogastroduodenoscopy. Preparation for EGD is performed the day before this procedure and all the rules the doctor says tentatively. Thanks to this method of research specialists determine the cause of the individual disease of the esophagus or stomach. But it is worth remembering that the method has its contraindications.
In scientific articles, and case histories, you can find different symbols that called this procedure. The differences are found in an abbreviated form of the name, and in full. But the difference between them, as the procedure EGD means one and the same action – the introduction of the endoscope through the esophagus into the stomach and the duodenum.
In some cases, prescribe the procedure
Diagnostic procedure EGD of the stomach designates the case where there is a suspicion of any disease of the digestive system and if there are no contraindications.
Usually the signs of disease are:
- The emergence of the feeling of heaviness;
- Pain in the stomach;
- Sour belching.
In addition to these, there are other, more rare symptoms. So if any uncomfortable sensation in the stomach should consult with your doctor and find out the cause and have time to prepare for the examination.
Thanks to the EGD procedure, you can examine the condition of the mucous membranes of the upper part of the digestive system and to detect even minimal abnormalities requiring treatment. In addition, the study allows EGD to biopsy for further investigation.
What is detected using the procedure?
With the help of EGD examination can reveal a very dangerous symptom – bleeding in the esophagus, which is a complication of cirrhosis of the liver. Also, the method allows to treat the stenosis, if there is a chemical burn of the mucous membrane. The surgery is called "endoscopic probing".
Also because this equipment is the removal of benign tumors found in the stomach. Without timely treatment, they can cause stomach cancer. Besides, polyps in the stomach often twisted and prejudiced, which is also dangerous for your health. In such situations, is their denial that can lead to the occurrence of bleeding or suppuration.
Thanks to the endoscope is applied, and pharmaceuticals. For exampleto lead those that are used for emergency stopping of bleeding stomach ulcers.
The advantages of the method
The main advantages of EGD are:
- The flexibility of the tube allows the endoscope to thoroughly examine all the cavities.
- The ability to detect even small damage to your mucous membranes, which are not visible at ultrasound.
- It is easy to determine the causes of bleeding in the stomach and esophagus.
Contraindications – severe General condition, mental disorders, bronchial asthma, severe. In addition, there are other abnormalities in which the EGD procedure is not performed. All contraindications ask your doctor.
How to prepare for the procedure
Preparation for EGD begins the day before the survey. The training is in compliance with several rules. The main of them – do not eat in a ten-hour period before the visit. That is why the procedure is given in the morning. It is not recommended to smoke before EGD, because it affects the secretion of gastric juice. Therein lies the basic rules of training. If you have any chronic disease, during the preparation of this is to say the doctor in the first place.
Usually the whole EGD procedure lasts no more than seven minutes, during which the doctor manages to examine the lining of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. But when you detect abnormalities in these organs the time of the survey increases. The maximum duration is 20 minutes. Before going to the doctor should not be afraid of discomfort, as the procedure is painless.
It is worth remembering that under such influences on the organism of its normal reaction is the occurrence of belching and feelings of nausea. Often the patient wants to cough – it is worth remembering that this is a common reaction of the organism to penetration of the esophagus endoscope.
If the doctor knows what the procedure EGD will be very snug, the person is injected the anesthesia in which he feels no discomfort. But without serious reasons, it is not recommended.
What should be the dinner before the procedure
Compliance with a special diet before the EGD, the doctor will not require, but the day before the procedure eat only a light meal. If the choice was the meat, chicken. That's right, because it is not as fatty as other species.
Also a few days before visiting the doctor do not need to use nuts and chocolate. When a normally functioning digestive system these products will be displayed, as well as other food, but if there is pathology, it can linger and complicate the research process. It is also worth remembering thata few days before EGD is better not to drink alcohol and eat spicy food.
But the rules concern not only how to eat and whether to drink alcohol. After all, in order to properly prepare, before EGD should not drink water less than 2 hours.