Types, diagnosis and treatment of chronic gastritis
The medical history of any suffering from inflammation of the lining of the stomach confirms that people continue to be complacent about their health. Such a defeat of the stomach is actually very common. Chronic gastritis is a long flowing disease that is characterized by various changes in the stomach, the violation of its main functions.
If the disease is not treated, it can cause ulceration and erosion, so you need to stop the pathological changes of the stomach wall. In this disease affected not only the antrum of the stomach, and other organs. In adults diagnosed with chronic gastritis – according to statistics, men suffer more often.
What is chronic antral gastritis as one of the varieties of the disease XP. gastritis? As you know, the stomach consists of three departments, the lower is the antrum. This disease (type C) occurs when the antrum is inflamed. It can appear if left untreated catarrhal process (sharp). Inflamed antrum after penetration into the gastric mucosa H. pylori infection. To chronic antral gastritis did not develop from KHR. gastritis, you need to recognize the disease and start therapy.
Causes of disease: internal and external factors
The history includes a number of factors that provoke the development of XP. gastritis. The most common cause of chronic gastritis – H. pylori infection. Overcoming a barrier and attach to the wall of the gastric mucosa, the infection begins to multiply, causing damage healthy cells – there is chronic gastritis. Such organisms colonize the antrum of the stomach, and then the entire surface.
There are external and internal risk factors of the disease.
Chronic gastritis may occur if the disturbed nature of power. If a person regularly takes the food, chews it enough or the food is substandard. Eating large amounts of junk food (spicy, sour, smoked, fried), and hot or cold food also adversely affects the gastric mucosa, which provokes XP. gastritis. Weak masticatory function due to dental disease, edentulism is also a predisposing factor.
The health of the gastric mucosa is disturbed and as a result of regular intake of alcohol, as this increases the secretion of gastric juice, which has a strong irritant effect. Also influenced by Smoking on an empty stomach, causing piperazines and the deterioration of the protective properties of the gastric mucosa. If you long to eatnonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may provoke XP. gastritis. The stomach has a negative effect and factors of production, especially if in the air there are harmful substances.
Chronic gastritis cause:
- chronic diseases of the respiratory, endocrine, immune and excretory systems;
- impaired metabolism.
Can affect the appearance of the disease chronic hepatitis, pancreatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, when disturbed intestinal peristalsis and damaged gastric mucosa. It is possible to avoid the influence of all these factors. To prevent the development of this disease must adhere to all recommendations of a specialist.
Symptoms: what to look for
Adults interested in the question of what are the signs of chronic gastritis. History has a softly expressed symptoms. They manifest heaviness in region of stomach pain, unpleasant taste in the mouth, loss of appetite, heartburn. After eating the symptoms are worse. In the morning on an empty stomach, often nausea and heartburn. When chronic gastritis is exacerbated in the stomach have a severe aching pain.
You can watch the weight loss and different intestinal disorders. If the mucosa of the stomach is much affected, the nutrients from food are poorly absorbed. Because of this the patient develops anemia because the body does not get enough vitamin B12. On the background of chronic gastritis observed:
- pale skin.
Complications of XP. gastritis are such pathologies as ulcers and stomach cancer. In this case, you should immediately seek medical help. Chronic gastritis symptoms help to detect the disease and start proper treatment.
Diagnostic pathology: tools and analysis
History tends to fill up, starting with a survey. Then the doctor prescribes the following types of diagnostics:
- gastroscopy (it can help to know what stage and nature of chronic pathology of the stomach);
- biopsy of the gastric mucosa;
- x-rays (to evaluate the tone of the walls of the stomach, its topography);
- breath test with urea (you can define the selected gas in the exhaled air);
- pH-metry ( you can find out the level of acidity that contains an antrum of the stomach);
- biochemistry, General analysis of blood General analysis of feces and fecal occult blood test;
- immunological studies.
Treatment: approaches, medications, diet
Any history of chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa involves complex treatment. How to treat chronicgastritis right, say doctors, as treatment of the disease includes a complex of measures aimed at improving the quality of human life. First of all you need to correct lifestyle – to get rid of bad habits, food regime, according to the assigned diet. A doctor prescribes pharmacological therapy, herbal medicine, physiotherapy and Spa treatment, to avoid relapse of the ridge. gastritis.
Diet with the disease
How to cure chronic gastritis with diet? People who suffer from chronic gastritis with high acidity, it is necessary diet No. 1, and with reduced diet No. 2. It is recommended to eat often, in small amounts, should be removed from menu foods that irritate the stomach.
Physiotherapy well help in the aggravation of XP. gastritis. In chronic gastritis used whirlpool baths, phonophoresis, electrophoresis, UHF.
Treatment of certain types of pathologies
Special attention should be paid to the treatment of autoimmune-type chronic pathologies. In the treatment of this disease it is necessary to stimulate the secretory activity of the mucosa, not lower. Therefore, use of substances which increase the acidity of gastric juice. These include vitamins C, PP, juice of plantain, etc. In the diet include foods that are rich in acid content (citrus fruits, kefir, sauerkraut, cranberry). Such medicines and products stimulate the synthesis of hydrochloric acid consumed in the morning on an empty stomach, if the secretion is reduced.
To stimulate regenerative processes in chronic inflammation in the stomach, appoint Riboxin, steroids, anabolics, sea buckthorn oil and rosehip. To normalize digestion is prescribed bifidobacteria and other probiotics. If chronic gastritis autoimmune, and prescribe vitamin B12 to treat anemia related legalactions.
- For the treatment of chronic gastritis prescribe drugs that reduce the secretion of hydrochloric acid. To the histamine receptors blockers include Famotidine.
- Antacid medication is associated hydrochloric acid and reduces pepsin activity. These include Almagel, Gastal, Fosfalyugel.
- Gastroprotectia. This group includes De-Nol, which has enveloping and astringent properties. Also prescribe the drug sucralfate in the treatment of erosive type. It has adsorption, antacid and antiulcer properties.
- To normalize digestion, in the treatment of chronic gastritis is use of enzyme drugs. Well spasms and normalize peristalsis antispasmodic drugs.
- WhenHelicobacter pylori infection using antibacterial drugs.
Thus, chronic gastritis treatment is quite complex. If you follow all the rules, it is possible for a long period to forget about the disease.
People suffering from chronic gastritis are obliged twice a year to undergo a preventive examination, in order to take timely measures to treatment and improvement of life.
Chronic gastritis requires the correct dispensary observation and treatment. Atrophy of the mucosa, the prognosis is less favorable. Danger to life can present complications of this disease.
In chronic autoimmune gastritis with anemia forecast is not very favorable, as there is a risk to the life of the patient because it often is diagnosed with dysplasia of the mucosa and appear carcinoids.
Preventing chronic disease: primary and secondary
The proper prevention of chronic gastritis is a healthy lifestyle in General. It is necessary correctly and to eat regularly, to stop Smoking and abuse of alcohol. In addition, it is necessary to reduce the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Secondary prevention of chronic inflammation of the stomach lies in timely treatment of the patient for medical care where his history will help to rule out all complications.