What is the danger of hyperplastic gastritis and how to treat it?
Chronic gastritis is becoming more common. In many cases, patients do not pay enough attention to the timely detection of the disease and its treatment. It is said refers to hyperplastic gastritis. If not detected in time and not to cure hyperplastic gastritis, he can go into a cancerous condition.
Why is developing such a form of pathology
The occurrence of hyperplastic gastritis are preceded by the following factors:
- genetic predisposition;
- poor nutrition with long intervals between meals and frequent overeating;
- the use of alcohol;
- food allergies;
- the metabolic disorders;
- infectious diseases, in particular, the activity of Helicobacter pylori;
- vitamin deficiency.
What happens in the body
As a result of the above factors, the structure and functions of cells of the stomach are broken. Develops chronic gastritis, primarily due to violations of the ability of cells to regenerate. Damaged cells start pathologically to share, and their condition becomes atrophic in nature.
The damaged areas are not able to perform their assigned functions. They gradually lose their ability to produce gastric juice. Developing an atrophic type of the disease.
The signs of the disease
Initially hyperplastic gastritis does not manifest itself. The only symptom of the disease is intermittent aching pain. It is chronic and intensifies after meals. Depending on how much hydrochloric acid is in the stomach, sick hyperplastic type of pathology may feel nausea or heartburn.
That of the patient developing atrophic character of changes of the gastric mucosa, indicative of these symptoms:
- heaviness in the stomach;
- the feeling of extremely rapid saturation;
- belching air;
- bad taste in the mouth;
- a significant deterioration of appetite;
- the decrease in body mass, without changing the habitual diet.
What is the danger of atrophy of the gastric mucosa
Atrophic gastritis carries a great danger to the body. First of all, because it has a high risk of escalating into a malignant tumor. The second danger lies in the fact that the disease has a chronic nature, and so patients for a long time progressing symptoms of vitamin and digestive insufficiency.
Special risk atrophic gastritis with low acidity. Due to inadequate production of stomach hydrochloricacid creates conditions for the development of cancer. Medical statistics show that the risk of developing this dangerous disease is approaching 15 percent.
To avoid complications for the stomach will help timely diagnosis. It is important to note the beginning of the process and time to carry out the therapeutic measures.
Diagnosis of disease
Hyperplastic gastritis can be detected on the basis of such surveys:
- fluoroscopy (x-ray contrast agents – barium sulfate);
- the study of the tissues of the stomach (histological study);
- immunological analysis of blood.
Hyperplastic gastritis patient need to undergo additional tests such as General blood test, blood biochemistry, halobacteriaceae analysis, abdominal ultrasound, the study the pH index of the stomach.
Principles of therapy
Treatment of hyperplastic gastritis is complex. Great value in hyperplastic gastritis has an individual approach. Timely treatment reduces chronic atrophic process, helps to restore the functions of the stomach.
Drug therapy of hyperplastic gastritis depends on the manifestations and the amount of acid in the stomach. When acidity is prescribed inhibitors, such as Ranitidine and antacids – Almagel, aluminium phosphate gel. At low pH prescribers gastric juice. For pain in the stomach antispasmodics are accepted.
The most important means to normalize the function of the stomach, excluding atrophic process is diet. The patient is absolutely contraindicated:
- salty and fried dishes, marinades;
- freshly baked bread;
- rich broth;
- fatty foods;
- grape juice;
It is necessary to observe the mode fractional power. You should eat not less than five or six times a day. Shown in hyperplastic gastritis lean meat, boiled fish. It is important that they were wore out. You need to add in the daily diet of pureed mashed potatoes, vegetables, juices, stewed fruit, broth hips.
Timely diagnosis and effective treatment of hyperplastic gastritis – the key to recovery and return to active way of life.