Everything about autoimmune gastritis
Autoimmune gastritis is atrophic inflammatory process that occurs in the thickness of the gastric mucosa. The development of this disease is due to a failure of the immune system of the human body. The disease is quite rare and is characterized by the fact that the immune system produces protective cells against its own cells of the stomach, which lead to the increased secretion of hydrochloric acid.
Pathological process extends to the bottom and in the body of the stomach that caused a large number of parietal cells in these areas. Gastritis often affects people with a hereditary tendency to the disease, abuse of spicy, hot dishes, as well as persons who eat food in large quantities. An autoimmune disease is diagnosed in both adults and children. The result of the treatment of gastritis of autoimmune origin depends on the timeliness of diagnosis.
What causes autoimmune gastritis?
The major cause of autoimmune disease is the primary damage of the mucosa of the stomach. This can be a rough poorly chewed food, too sour, spicy, fried, and so on. Autoimmune gastritis contributes to the defeat of the gastric glands, resulting in increases the production of hydrochloric acid. In the process of changes of the mucosa in gastritis of autoimmune origin, participate genetic immune factors that contribute to the generation of protective cells against its own gastric cells, with the defeat which reduced the property to resume, there is the withering away of the lining of the stomach quickly reduces the production of digestive enzymes, which in turn leads to anemia and neurological problems.
Autoimmune gastritis: classification
Most often, the gastritis becomes chronic. Main features serve as frequent exacerbations of the disease, impaired absorption of nutrients, particularly of vitamin B12. In the process of autoimmune disease in the patient's eyesight is much worse, are bleeding gums, hair falls out, nails become brittle, skin dry with a pale tint.
The second form of autoimmune gastritis is inflammation of the inner part of the stomach that occurs as a result of secretory insufficiency with a decrease in glands and motility on. In the process of destruction of a huge number of healthy cells to make up a full stomach is impossible.
The main clinical symptoms of the disease
The symptoms of the disease similar with other pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, so it's important to identify them. The exact definition of autoimmune gastritis from other diseases provides for the exercise of the rightdiagnostic events.
At the initial stage of autoimmune disease
- Fatigue, severe dizziness;
- Belching, which most often occurs after eating;
- Rumbling, heartburn, nausea;
- Unstable stool, alternating diarrhea with constipation;
- Pain in the stomach is weak or non-existent;
In the acute stage of gastritis
- It may be sweating after eating;
- Decrease appetite, resulting in severe weight loss;
- Often reduces blood pressure;
- Symptoms changes in the myocardium;
- It is a violation of metabolic processes of the heart;
- On the skin are formed dark spots;
- Patients plagued by headaches, they get tired quickly, increased nervousness, disturbed sleep, there is frequent change of mood.
How to diagnose the disease?
In order for the specialist appointed effective treatment of gastritis, is required to carry out some auxiliary studies of the disease, including:
- Together fibrogastroduodenoscopy with biopsy for detection of H. pylori;
- Imunnologicheskie blood test;
- Analysis for antibodies to gastric cells;
- Identify the level of gastrin, the increase of which may contribute to the occurrence of malignant tumors;
- Ultrasonic examination of the organs of the peritoneum.
In addition to chronic gastritis, the diagnosis, exclude gastric distress. Autoimmune gastritis must be differentiated from gastric ulcers, the formations of both malignant and benign. Problems appear when endophytic growth of the tumor. Used combo rentgenograficheskoe examination using biopsy of the most changed parts of the mucosa.
What is the treatment for autoimmune gastritis?
Treatment should be administered and monitored by a gastroenterologist or a nutritionist. Based on them emerged in the course of pathology of the problems can also in therapy to participate the cardiologist and many other professionals. Only after the diagnostic procedures, the specialist can prescribe effective treatment which should be combined and aims to reduce relapses, reduce inflammation, eliminate disturbances from the related authorities which arose as a result of the disease. In view of the fact that it is an autoimmune disease is not fully understood, to get rid of it completely not possible today.
Treatment of gastritis based on the followingaction:
- The observance of the principles of nutrition;
- Receiving anticholinergic agents;
- Antimicrobial and antiviral drugs;
The treatment of autoimmune diseases includes mandatory adherence to the principles of the diet. Food for gastritis should be capable of being heat treated should be excluded from the daily menu irritating food. It is necessary to give preference to food rich in proteins: fish, boiled meat; in fiber and vitamins: vegetables and fruits in mashed form, cereals, dairy products. Not acceptable the use of alcohol, coffee, sweets. Food is absorbed warm.
Despite the fact that this autoimmune disease is still not fully understood, with a high level of professionalism, effective diagnosis and treatment of gastritis will help to improve the patient's quality of life.
Prevention of gastritis includes timely treatment of associated autoimmune diseases. In order to minimize the frequency of occurrence of exacerbations of autoimmune diseases, should adhere to the principles of a sparing diet and doctor's recommendations, maintain a healthy lifestyle, avoid nervous strain, and not abuse alcohol.