Specifics of irritable stomach and its treatment
Under the irritable stomach understand the complex of symptoms characteristic of functional disorders of this organ with increased peristalsis and production of gastric juice. Irritable stomach most often occurs after taking spicy and fried foods, alcoholic beverages, as well as with the prevalence in the diet of foods with a high content of protein, fat.
Irritable stomach also happens during emotional stress. Disease refers to common: each fifth inhabitant of the planet in one way or another suffer from irritable stomach.
The reasons for the increase of acidity as a precursor to irritable stomach are different. The first of these is improper and irregular meals. If the food is chewed bad for its digestion requires more gastric juice, and he begins to secrete more acid. The cells producing hydrochloric acid, begin to work increasingly irregular.
In addition, the gastric hypersecretion caused due to the ingestion of food, acting aggressively on the mucous. Irritating products are those that have a large number of spices. Cause gastric irritation pickles, marinades, smoked meat, coffee, beer and spirits. Some medications also provoke the production of a large quantity of hydrochloric acid.
The acidity of gastric juice and increases in infectious disease. When the bacteria enter the stomach, they disrupt the balance of healthy microflora. Greatly increases the acidity of the juice and Smoking, especially on an empty stomach. At this time, the stomach gets a huge number of irritants. And in the morning the mucosa is most susceptible to poisons.
Increased secretion of gastric juice occurs under the influence of some external factors:
- the high temperature,
- work in hot shops,
- intense muscle load,
- uncontrolled self-medication with acetylsalicylic acid.
The stomach also reacts with irritation and diseases of the endocrine glands, urogenital system, respiratory system, blood.
Why are there violations of gastric motility
Changes in the motility of the stomach occur under the influence of such causes:
- irregular meals;
- food dry, "on the fly";
- the impact on the mucosa of a large amount of roughage;
- insufficient chewing of food due to lack or complete absence of teeth;
- eating certain foods (chocolate, tangerine, strawberry, milk);
- wrongthe treatment of certain diseases associated with the uncontrolled use of antibiotics;
- intoxication with alcohol and Smoking;
- infection with worms.
The main signs of gastric irritation
Irritated stomach signals yourself primarily heartburn. When the patient feels chest the burn. It is the result of emission into the esophagus of a large number of hydrochloric acid.
A patient with irritable stomach started to bother belching. She can be sour or bitter. So makes itself known hydrochloric acid. Between meals pain appears. And when acid gets into the area of irritation, the person feels strong pain.
If you experience symptoms of dyspepsia in irritable stomach: feeling of heaviness, bloating, constipation or diarrhea. The same phenomena occur in violation of motor. In her weakened person feels fullness and heaviness, and the gain – heartburn, pain. It can grow on an empty stomach. The burning sensation is intermittent, it is not associated with defecation.
Symptoms of irritation non-permanent, they can disappear and reappear at any time of the day. Also characterized by the presence of neurosis.
How to treat pathology
Treatment of irritable stomach should start immediately after the appearance of characteristic symptoms. First of all, it is necessary to ensure elimination of the harmful effects of irritants to the mucous. This is achieved by avoiding alcoholic drinks and Smoking, elimination of comorbidities, the expulsion of worms, with the exception of the food that causes the Allergy. The irritable stomach can not properly and efficiently treated without establishing nutrition, lifestyle and mode of operation.
It is also important to observe the therapeutic nutrition in irritable stomach. Usually the symptoms are irritation in the appointment options of diet 1. Shown in the syndrome tonic – vitamins, solkoseril, hydrolysates of protein.
When hyperthyroidism treatment M-anticholinergic (e.g., Metacin or Gastrotsepin) for inhibition of secretion. Good results are obtained by the treatment of Ranitidine and Famotidine. These drugs block the receptors of histamine. Given the peculiarities of the psyche of the patient can be administered anti-anxiety medications. Please note: this treatment should only be conducted under the supervision of a physician.
What you can't eat
Some foods can contribute to irritation of the stomach, and some on the contrary, contribute to the normalization of the mucosa. Here are some guidelines for a proper diet:
- Products must be chosen such to reduce the overallcaloric intake to 2000-2100 calories. This can be achieved by choosing foods low in fat and carbohydrates.
- It is necessary to reduce the consumption of salt.
- You need to avoid foods that cause bloating, rotting, increased secretion of bile.
- It is essential to avoid indigestible food.
Pay attention to forbidden foods when you irritable stomach:
- fresh bread and bread made from rye flour;
- all kinds of fatty meat; especially harmful mutton and goose;
- pancakes and fritters;
- pickles, marinades, smoked products, in particular smoked fish;
- millet, barley;
- strong, rich broth;
- dried fruit, honey, jam;
- coffee with milk, cocoa, grape juice;
- kvass, beer, any soda.
About the necessity of medical examination
Successful treatment of irritable stomach is not possible without follow-up and periodic medical examination twice a year. Note that it is impossible to refuse hospitalization and health resort treatment. The fact that long-term the irritable stomach may cause destructive pathologies of the mucosa. Only the timely diagnosis of diseases and effective treatment guarantee recovery.