The main symptoms of stomach H. pylori infection
The microorganism called Helicobacter pylori was discovered relatively recently. This bacterium is the culprit of many diseases of the digestive tract. Consider the main features of this bacteria, the route of infection Helicobacter pylori, symptoms and effective treatments.
What is Helicobacter
Is a bacterium that can live in the absence of oxygen. No wonder that inside the body of Helicobacter pylori finds excellent conditions for their livelihoods.
Helicobacter pylori has a number of features characteristic of pathogenic microbes:
- Helicobacter pylori is genetically adapted to the parasite and has a low survival rate in the environment.
- The bacteria attacks certain tissues of the human body, causing the characteristic symptoms.
- Helicobacter pylori secretes toxic substances, pathogens affecting specific organs and organ systems.
- Helicobacter pylori may long remain alive in the body, confronting the protective mechanisms of the immune system.
Helicobacter pylori has in the human body of competitors and so freely feeds the liquid medium in the stomach. It secretes urease, the enzyme that neutralize the acid and thereby helps her to survive. Why Helicobacter pylori does not die under the influence of the acidic environment of the stomach. And the enzyme catalase breaks down the active substances secreted by the immune system of a person. Bacteria and protected from phagocytes – cell eaters".
As opened the microorganism
Bacterium Helicobacter pylori was discovered in 1983 by Australian researchers. They are found in the mucus of patients with gastritis not previously known to science bacteria is spiral-shaped. At that time it was a unique discovery, because for a long period it was considered that the main pathogenic factors in the occurrence of ulcers and gastritis are diet, stress, Smoking and alcohol. The influence of bacteria were not taken into account.
Soon the microorganisms called Helicobacter pylori, that is, "spiral bacteria. Today discovered several species of Helicobacter pylori. They all cause human infection in the gastric mucosa.
What changes are caused by a germ in the stomach
Helicobacter pylori causes in the gastric mucosa are the pathological changes:
- the destruction of the effects produced by toxins;
- the change in physiological indicators of activity of the stomach.
Due to the fact that strains of Helicobacter pylori producecellular toxins, mucous epithelium of the stomach degrades and gradually dying. This causes the formation of ulcers. Prolonged activity of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach contributes to chronic inflammatory processes.
The bacterium Helicobacter pylori also causes increased secretion of hydrochloric acid. Hence, there are typical of gastritis symptoms. Furthermore, hydrochloric acid in large quantity intensely destroys the mucous membrane, causing the digestive processes in the stomach are broken.
How do you get Helicobacter?
There are ways to infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori:
- with unwashed hands, where bacteria enter the fecal way;
- through saliva from another person;
- via vomit;
- resulting from the use of improperly handled medical tool during diagnostic tests;
- through food and water;
- through Pets;
- non-compliance with elementary rules of hygiene – for example, when using dirty dishes.
Signs of infection
When infected by Helicobacter pylori develop symptoms of inflammatory lesions of the gastric mucosa. And very often people may not even be aware of the fact that his organism is Helicobacter pylori. However, the symptoms of infection of Helicobacter pylori appear and intensify with the weakening of the immune system, chronic stress or simply from changes in usual diet, work and rest.
The main feature of considered recurring stomach pain. They are amplified on an empty stomach and a little subside after a meal. These signs indicate the formation of ulcers. Often, patients are treated diseases of the stomach and not eliminate the cause of the disease — Helicobacter pylori.
In addition, patients often feel heartburn and a feeling of fullness. These symptoms combined with poor digestibility of meat and fatty food. In some cases, Helicobacter pylori provokes nausea and even vomiting.
It is also necessary to pay attention to other symptoms of infection of Helicobacter pylori:
- diarrhea alternating with constipation;
- brittle nails and hair loss;
- frequent fungal disease;
- the appearance of bad breath despite the fact that problems with teeth no.
If the patient has noticed the symptoms of infection of Helicobacter pylori, it is necessary to consult a doctor for diagnosis. Modern diagnosis of the presence of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori involves the passage of a special patient respiratory urease test. It detects the presence of the pathogen in 90% of cases.
In some cases, effective immunofermentnogothe study of blood. It determines the presence of antibodies to the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. However, according to some physicians, this analysis is not accurate. A much more accurate analysis is carried out using the method of polymerase chain reaction. It detects the presence of Helicobacter pylori in the blood and saliva.
Basic principles of treatment
For the treatment of Helicobacter pylori use a holistic methods that are destroying the bacteria, the normalization of the stomach. As a result of complex therapy the symptoms of Helicobacter disappear, heal ulcers in the stomach. The treatment of the disease is long, because even if signs are not observed for a long time, this is not to say that the Helicobacter pylori completely disappeared from the stomach.
For effective treatment must use at least two antibiotics and a drug to reduce production of hydrochloric acid – inhibitor. Treatment with one antibiotic does not bring the desired effect. The duration of this scheme – not less than seven days. Antibiotics prescribed Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin, Azithromycin, Tetracycline, Levofloxacin. Drug Amoxiclav kills even the most resistant varieties of Helicobacter pylori.
Proved the effectiveness of treatment of Helicobacter with the help of the drug De-Nol. The drug forms in the lining of the stomach protective film that prevents further skin irritation. Effective drugs are also Omez and Pariet. Among the inhibitors are the most affordable and effective Ranitidine.
Efficiently and treatment of Helicobacter pylori folk remedies. Medicinal concoctions are the cause of the disease, reduce the acidity and promote healing of the mucosa. Among the remedies is flax seeds. Mucus these seeds coats the stomach and inhibits the production of hydrochloric acid in large quantity.
At low pH the effective cabbage juice and decoction of calamus.
You must also follow the diet: eliminate salt, roast, sour, smoked, alcohol. Shows a fractional power. You need to chew your food. Not allowed a lot of breaks in the food.
Prevention of infection
With the purpose of prevention of infection of Helicobacter pylori should drink rosehip syrup in the amount of one teaspoon in one month. Not less important is the careful observance of rules of personal hygiene – washing hands before eating and after using the toilet. You can't use dirty dishes and chuzhye hygiene products.
Thus, the bacterium Helicobacter pylori contributes to many diseases of the stomach. Treatment of this infection effective, although long. Remember that the diseaseit is much easier to prevent than to treat.