Painful spasms in the stomach: symptoms and causes
Appeared sometimes stomach cramps can bring not only discomfort, but to break the habitual way of life. Because this condition is caused by contractions of the smooth muscle of the stomach, resulting in pain of varying intensity and duration and feeling of nausea.
Depending on the reasons for painful spasms are divided into functional and organic. The pain of a functional nature are more common in young patients. Pain is organic in nature is mostly observed in older people.
The reasons causing stomach cramps:
- Poisoning after consumption of food or alcoholic beverages;
- The presence of harmful habits, such as Smoking;
- Abuse of caffeine;
- The impact on the long nervous strain and stress;
- Irrational nutrition;
- Exposure to chemicals;
- The presence of Allergy to certain foods;
- Treatment of existing diseases certain drugs.
Not all reasons clarified by the medicine. Possible symptoms develop due to some individual characteristics of the organism of vascular dystonia, chronic neurosis.
Stomach cramps organic nature due to the development or exacerbation of diseases:
- Erosive gastritis and gastroduodenitis;
- Peptic ulcer disease.
Also the appearance of such condition is noted during pregnancy, which may be a threat to its normal flow. If a woman during pregnancy are marked by severe pain in the stomach, especially after eating, watching the doctor need to send her for tests to determine the cause and then prescribe appropriate treatment to resolve and trigger factor, and the symptoms of spasm of the stomach. This is necessary for maintenance of pregnancy and normal fetal development.
Signs and self-help
In this pathology, the symptoms:
- Severe pain in the epigastric region;
- While involvement of abdominal muscle aches all the stomach;
- The appearance of nausea and vomiting;
To relieve pain, in most cases it will help but-shpa, drotaverine, spazmalgon, Almagel, Buscopan or another antispasmodic. Take the medicine helps to relieve the tension of muscle fibers. The main dosage form drugs – pills. After taking the pain recedes, and comes relief.
If symptoms of spasms in my stomach appeared again, it is not necessary to think, what to do, or you can accept pills. You need to contactthe specialist who will conduct a full survey and identify the causes that led to the development of spasm of the stomach. This is especially important during pregnancy. If you do nothing, then, seemingly, a banal stomach cramp and diarrhea can lead to spontaneous abortion.
Experts recommend doing the self-examination way of life: try to avoid stressful situations, completely eliminate the use of alcohol and Smoking.
Due to the lack of all the precise causes, there is no clear scheme of treatment, doctors prescribe medication to resolve the symptoms:
- To improve the General condition of the patient;
- To relieve the pain in the stomach;
- To stop diarrhea.
If during pregnancy stomach hurts, this leads to tension of the abdominal muscles that put pressure on the uterus and cause hypertonicity of the uterus. Diarrhea can also indirectly provoke a threatened miscarriage.
If the cause of the spasms in the stomach failed to install during the examination, the treatment will be long. But in most cases the symptoms go away after the appointment of antispasmodics.
When identifying diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the doctor conducts the appropriate treatment only after examination of the patient.
Introduction in a diet of healthy eating also refers to treatment interventions stomach cramps. Because in order to relieve spasm, it is necessary not only to take pills after a meal, but avoid eating:
- Fresh baking;
- Fried and smoked food;
- All spices and salt (if no salt is impossible, it is necessary to reduce consumed amount);
- Fatty meal;
- Alcoholic beverages;
- Strong coffee and tea;
- Too cold and hot food.
After such a comprehensive treatment that addresses the pills and followed the diet comes relief. In the absence of organic pathology of the gastrointestinal tract recurrence of spasms in the stomach is unlikely. To prevent the development of replay gastric spasm recommended prevention is to follow a therapeutic diet and to get rid of bad habits.